Patel’s aren’t caste conscious in 2nd Gen. Indeed, occupational surveys of Brahmin families in the 20th century found that less than 10% of adult male Brahmins actually worked as priests or Vedic teachers. This Brahmin community comprises seven sub-clans named Bali , Bhimwal , Chhibber , Dutt , Lau , Mohan and Vaid . For example, some were warriors, merchants, architects, carpet-makers, and even farmers. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. The caste system has evidently been more flexible, in terms of appropriate work for Brahmins, than one might expect. Designed and hosted by Aadi Creations. [2] The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). Later 120 categories of Brahmins were developed among them. in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. A Brahmin Gotra (Sanskrit ब र ह मण ग त र) is an exogamous unit used to denote the paternal lineage of individuals belonging to the Brahmin caste in the Hindu Varna system. Chandilya 14. [1] Most Iyers are followers of the Advaita philosophy propounded by Adi Shankara. Brahmin are a varna (class) in Hinduism. Before diving into the Brahmin caste let’s see some of the discussion on how the caste system came to be. Brahmin is the highest Varna in Vedic Hinduism. Brahmin Kshatriya belongs to the offspring of a Brahmin Father and a Kshatriya woman. There is a territorial division that divides the Brahmins broadly into two parts: Panch Gour (The five northern Brahmins) and Panch Dravida (The five southern Brahmins). “Government of the Raj 1858-1914.” UK Parliament. Atreyasa / Atri 3. 23, 1993, pp. In some cases, such work precludes the Brahmin in question from carrying out priestly duties, however. This may be true; however, his father was a king, which usually aligns with the Kshatriya (warrior/prince) caste instead.". Christopher Pillitz /Image Bank/GettyImages. Gail Omvedt concludes that during the British era, the overall literacy of Brahmins and CKPs was overwhelmingly high as opposed to the literacy of others such as the Kunbis and Marathas. anyone who violates that rule. Copyright © Kanyakubj Brahmin Mahasabha, 2009-2020. Bhakdi 12. The Vindhya mountain range, which lies in central India, divides the country into … The Nepalese caste system is an impact and influence of the ancient and orthodox Indian caste system. It seems likely that the caste and its priestly duties developed gradually over time, and probably were in place in some form long before the Gupta era. [citation needed] The majority reside in Tamil Nadu, India. Harita/ Haritasa 28. Brahmin is considered as a member of the priestly caste of the country. Chikitasa 16. The land between Gandaki and Kaushiki rivers is known as Maithil land. Darbhas 19. Rituals to Be Followed Daily for Balanced Life. You can download the word docx and pdf formats . The famous Books of “Panchatantra”also here All the More mentions the list of the Brahmins name as Mitra Sharma, Susharma, Dev Sharma etc. “The Marathas 1600–1818.” Cambridge University Press, 1993, doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521268837. Web site best viewed at 1024x768 resolution. Most of the Brahmins did not think proper to attend this Yajna & accepting the  Daan of from a person who is involved in a Brahm-Hatya. *Ravana,the wicked king ruled Lanka & was born to Brahmin rishi Vishrava and Kekasi who belongs to a Rakshas clan. Bhumihars, also called Babhan, are a Hindu caste mainly found in Bihar (including the Mithila region),[2] the Purvanchal region of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, and Nepal. Current Status of Caste System in India Even though there is no basis for caste system and associated discrimination in Hinduism, and it has been more than 70 years Britishers have left India, we still see these issues cropping Punjab is the land of Saraswats. Traditionally, male Brahmins performed priestly services, but they may also work in jobs associated with lower castes. • Gaud Saraswat Brahmin • Daivadnya Brahmin • Thanjavur Marathi • Marathi people Deshastha Brahmins are a Hindu Brahmin subcaste mainly from the Indian state of … Both Brahmins and Kayasthas in Bengal have followed a system that ranks the clans hierarchically. The Brahmin castes may be broadly divided into two regional groups: Pancha-Gauda Brahmins from the Northern part of India (considered to be the region north of the Vindhya mountains) and Pancha-Dravida Brahmins from the region south of the Vindhya mountains as per the shlokaof Kalhana. They specialised as priests (purohit, pandit, or pujari), teachers (acharya or guru) and protectors of sacred learning across generations. But some of Brahmins went to Ayodhya & participated in Yajna & also accepted the gifts (Daan). Men were more literate than the women from any caste. A List of Brahmin Communities Compiled by Vikas Kamat First Online: April 01, 2003 Page Last Updated: September 11, 2020 The following is a list of Brahmin communities of India. Among Kanyakubj,a  all Brahmins of this area were Kanyajubja except Chaubeys of  Mathura (Mathur) & Magadh (Pandas of Gaya). As in earlier times, most Brahmins actually made their living from work associated with the lower castes, including agriculture, stone-cutting, or working in the service industries. Like Like Reply ramanan50 says: 6 Apr 2016 at 22:38 No. Interestingly, the Brahmins only show up in the historical record around the time of the Gupta Empire, which ruled from circa 320-467 CE. This does not mean that they did not exist prior to that time, however. Alambani 4. Saraswat, Kanyakubja, Gaud, Utkala and Mithila form the Pancha Guada 2. Galvasaya 23. How Many Electoral Votes Does a Candidate Need to Win? Jamadagni 30. Mohyal Brahmin is an Indian Brahmin caste. In Hinduism, there is the concept of ‘Varna’ system where the society is stratified into four ‘Varnas’ or castes - Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Sudras.. Brahmins are vegetarian, in keeping with Hindu beliefs in reincarnation. Sarswat, Kanyakubja, Gaur, Utkal and Maithil, these are five gaurs and dwelling towards north of Vindhyachal. The early Vedic writings do not provide much by way of historical detail, even on such apparently important questions as "who are the priests in this religious tradition?" For best results please use latest versions of Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, or Microsoft Internet Explorer. Examples: "Some people believe that the Buddha himself, Siddharta Gautama, was a member of a Brahmin family. 1). Dhananjaya 21. Aupamanyava 8. Bhaskara 13. Pages in category "Brahmin communities" The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. Therefore, they did not participated Ashwvamedha Yajna. 5 gaurd brahmins of india or india's northern side brahmins. Babhravya 9. Brahmins even in Uttar Pradesh, where they were most numerous, constituted just 12% of the recorded population. Bhargava 11. Many won’t be able to tell you their caste (Not all Patel’s are the same caste- there are different types of Patidars, also there are Patidars who don’t have the last name Patel). Sarswat, Kanyakubja, Gaur, Utkal and Maithil, these are five gaurs and dwelling towards north of Vindhyachal. These Brahmins were finally settled in Ayodhya which was situated on river Saryu & were later known as Saryupari Brahmins. Angad 5. Rishiswar, Sanadhya, Kanyakubj, Telang, Saryupareen, Bhumihar, Goswami, Tyagi, and Saraswati are the main streams of Brahmin. Find all the castes and their sub-castes list in India here. At mealtimes, anyone could accept food from the hands of a Brahmin, but a Brahmin would be polluted if he or she took certain types of food from a lower caste person. Indian Castes and Feudal Japanese Classes, How the US Electoral College System Works. Kanauj, Ayodhya, Agra up to Delhi is the land of Kanyakubjas. Brahmins study the religious texts, such as the Vedas and the Puranas, and teach members of other castes about the holy books. The six proper activities, ranked from the highest to the lowest, are teaching, studying the Vedas, offering ritual sacrifices, officiating at rituals for others, giving gifts, and accepting gifts. In this article I will share Brahmin surnames list in India based on my ongoing research on Brahmins. 2001. Iyer (also spelt as Ayyar, Aiyar, Ayer or Aiyer) is a caste of Hindu Brahmin communities of Tamil origin. A Brahmin is a member of the highest caste or varna in Hinduism. There are the Following The simple About List of Brahmin surnames Gotras and communitiesFull Information With Brahmin, brahmana, brahmin caste list, brahmin surnames list, tribe, list of gotras, rishi, top brahmins and ritual. The population of India that is considered a member of the Brahmin caste according to the article “The Joshua project” is about 60,481,000 people. The members of this caste have been originated from Saraswat Brahmins . Agastya 2. Is there a sub caste Brahmin Kshathriya and gotra as Birthare. Records from the classical and medieval periods in India mention men of the Brahmin class performing work other than carrying out priestly duties or teaching about religion. History of the Brahmin Caste The Brahmins are the caste from which Hindu priests are drawn, and are responsible for teaching and maintaining sacred knowledge. They also perform temple ceremonies and officiate at weddings and other important occasions. Dhanvantari 22. The Utkala Brahmins are one of the five Pancha Gouda Brahmin Vindhyas. There are five Dravid lands- Karnataka, Maharashtra,Tailang, Dravid and Gurjar. There have been many debates on the origin of the caste system which has been a big sociological discussion and debate. Asher, Catherine B. The following is a partial list of gotras found in the Brahmin community of Hindus: 1. Chyavana 17. Across the subcontinent, other Brahmins are also believed to have switched from the traditional This list may not reflect recent changes ().This page was last edited on … Later 120 categories of Brahmins were developed among them. Nonetheless, the traditional association between the Brahmin caste and priestly duties remains strong. Dev 20. Gautamasa 25. 281–302. Home | About Us | Committee | News and Events | Occasional Articles | Photo Gallery | Members. Rādhi (also Rāṭhi in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. The Utkal is in the other side of Vindhyachal. Sub-Imperial Palaces: Power and Authority in Mughal India, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. Karnataka, Telangaa, Dravida, Maharashtra and Gurjarat form the Pancha Dravida In punjab 80% brahmins are The Kulinas formed the higher ranking clans. “Sub-Imperial Palaces: Power and Authority in Mughal India.” Ars Orientalis, vol. Kanauj, Ayodhya, Agra up to Delhi is the land of Kanyakubjas. Ahabhunasa 7. Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. Utkala Brahmin is also known as Utkal Brahmin is a Brahmin caste in India. The Murderous Cult of Roman Diana and Her Sword-Wielding Priests, Biography of Chandragupta Maurya, Founder of the Mauryan Empire. Ghrit kaushika 27. Iyers are sub-divided into various sub-sects based on cultural and regional differences. Charora 15. Kaminsky, Arnold P. and Long, Roger D. “India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic, Volume One.” p. 68. Dalabhya 18. 5. Today, the Brahmins comprise about 5% of the total population of India. [3] The Bhumihars claim Brahmin status, and are also referred to as Bhumihar Brahmin. Madhesi Brahman, Nurang, Rajput, Kayastha 2. Angirasa 6. All dogra brahmins are saraswat. India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic, Volume One. In the very beginning, there was only one category of Brahmins, later they were categorized on basis of their lands (areas) as Gaur and Dravid. Saraswat brahmins. Jatukarna 31. Gaubhilya 26. Bharadwaj 10. The other major castes, from highest to lowest, are the Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaisya (farmers or merchants), and Shudra (servants and sharecroppers). In 1931 (the last Indian census to record caste), Brahmins accounted for 4.32% of the total population. Patel’s don Bihar and Bengal are the land of Maithil. 1. Lord Rama of Ayodhya  had organized Ashwvamedha Yajna to get rid  of Brahm-Hatya (Killing of a Brahmin-Ravana* who was a Brahmin by birth). As late as the reign of the Maratha Dynasty, in the 1600s to 1800s CE, members of the Brahmin caste served as government administrators and military leaders, occupations more typically associated with the Kshatriya. Interestingly, the Muslim rulers of the Mughal Dynasty (1526–1858) also employed Brahmins as advisors and government officials, as did the British Raj in India (1858–1947). In fact, Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of modern India, was also a member of the Brahmin caste. Activities that are forbidden to Brahmins according to the Manusmriti include making weapons, butchering animals, making or selling poisons, trapping wildlife, and other jobs associated with death. Utkala Brahmins are the historical caretakers of the Jagannath Temple in Puri. Kalabodhana… They are ‘Pancha-Gauda Brahmins’ from North India and ‘Pancha-Dravida Brahmins’ from the South India. The Brahmins are the caste from which Hindu priests are drawn, and are responsible for teaching and maintaining sacred knowledge. Garga 24. At one time Bihari Brahmins were famous for their scholarship and erudition and Mithila [14] produced one Vedic scholar after another starting from Yajnavalkya. In Hindu culture, the Brahmin caste considered to be the highest of the four major social classes of the Varna system. At the other extreme, if an untouchable dared to draw water The Pancha-Gauda Brahmins have further been divided into five classes. Specifically, the top three literate castes were Deshasthas, Chitpavans and CKPs. Punjab is the land of Saraswats. In Andhra Traditionally, the Brahmins served as the spiritual guides and teachers of the Kshatriya princes and warriors, preaching to the political and military elites about the dharma, but today they perform ceremonies for Hindus from all of the lower castes. In jammu 90% brahmins are saraswat, in kashmir all pundits are saraswats. Types of Brahmin Caste in India The Brahmin caste in India has been broadly divided into two divisions based on regions. They are a distinct category of Brahmins who combine military knowledge with learning, they strictly refrain from performing priestl y duties, often to the p oint of excommunicatin g anyone who violates that rule. Hukman Bhal 29. Tarai/Madhesi Other Castes 2.1 Tarai/Madhesi Other Castes Kewat, Mallah, Lohar, Nuniya, Kahar, Lodha, Rajbhar, Bing, Mali Kamar, Dhuniya, Yadav, Teli, Koiri, Kurmi, Sonar, Baniya, Kalwar, Thakur/Hazam, Kanu, Sudhi, … However, some do consume milk products or fish, particularly in mountainous or desert areas where produce is scarce. Major Brahmin Castes: Major Brahmin castes in the Indian Continent include Chitpavana Brahmins, Daivajna Brahmins, Deshastha Brahmins, Dhima Brahmins, Gouda Saraswat Brahmins, Havyaka In addition to the above major castes of Brahmins, there are several Brahmin subcastes. Lord Rama invited all Brahmins of Aaryavart (who till then were only Kanyakubja). For example, a Brahmin who begins farming (not only as an absentee land-owner, but actually tilling the land himself) may be considered ritually contaminated, and can be barred from later entering the priesthood. ABC-CLIO. Mohyals - the warrior Brahmin race. 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