Conservation measures that have been successful thus far in benefiting A. virgo include increased: Protection; Establishment of protected areas; Local surveys and studies of migration routes Young birds apparently accompany their parents on the fall migration and stay with them through the first winter. Jalpaiguri/Kolkata: The demoiselle crane, a migratory bird native to central Euro-Siberia, has been spotted arguably for the first time in Bengal alon. Demoiselle cranes are the smallest of all crane species and the second most abundant. Their migration is so long and hard that many die from fatigue, hunger, or predation from birds of prey. It flies with deep, powerful wing beats, and alight in standing stance after approaching with dangling legs and spread wings and tail. 1996). It migrates on a narrow front via specific routes (Johnsgard 1983), and may travel vast distances without alighting to rest or feed (Urban et al. In late September, the first flocks take to the skies from the plateaus, steppes and wetlands of Mongolia and the Caucasus region. Five migration routes of different populations have been identified, but for cranes wintering in Nyingchi Prefecture, Tibet, the migration route and breeding/summering area are still unknown. During the growing season and along migration routes, they will feed as well on cereal grains, peanuts, beans, and other crops. (6) The migration route of demoiselle cranes observed by satellite tracking : From about the beginning of 1990, the Research Centre of the Wild Bird Society of Japan has been interested in using artificial satellites to track bird migration routes. Measures are being taken however to diminish the threats listed above.
Other threats include disturbance due to rising human populations, intensive use of pesticides, and hunting for sport along the migration route in Afghanistan and Pakistan.Demoiselle cranes are protected by a few cultures in many parts of its range. Lastly, the eastern route, used by an undetermined number of cranes, departs from Estonia and Russia, crosses Turkey and Egypt and arrives to Ethiopia. Demoiselle Crane families are mobile soon after the chicks hatch. Their diet consists primarily of plant materials, insects, and other small animal foods. Behaviour This species is fully migratory (del Hoyo et al. (B) Autumn migration route. The birds spend a month or so putting on weight in preparation for their fall migration. Background The black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis) is a vulnerable species and the only species that lives in the plateau. Migration of Demoiselle Cranes Their breeding grounds are in Central Asia and the bulk of the population flies south to north western India congregating in vast flocks of 1000 - 3000 birds in the desert edged arid lands of Rajasthan and Gujarat with smaller groups spread across northern and central India. This work uses the technologically advanced ARGOS system. Common Crane – Migration map But let’s follow one of these cranes during its adventure, keeping it company on the western route. Only the sandhill crane is more numerous. Kheechan village on the edge of the Thar desert lies on the migration route of demoiselle cranes travelling from their breeding grounds in Eurasia to bask in India's milder winter. Migration routes of the Nyingchi-Qinghai black-necked crane population. (A) Spring migration route. Demoiselle crane chicks fledge after 55-65 days, which is a very short period for cranes. 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