Around one million of Libya’s six million people live in Tripoli. Formally known as the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, this country consists mostly of Saharan desert regions that remain almost entirely uninhabited. It is Africa's second-largest country by land area at 2,344,858 sq. Algeria is the only African country that made it to the top ten. Bordering Burundi, Rwanda is the most landlocked country in Africa. Nigeria has the largest population in Africa. Islam is the most common religion. Russia is the largest country by far, with a total area of about 17 million square kilometers. It is the tenth largest country in the world. Which are the top twenty largest, smallest, and territorial country in Africa by land area? Top 100 largest countries by area. After a protest against Qaddafi turned into a massive killing in February 2011 by the security forces, warplanes and helicopter gunships, more protests arose throughout the country, igniting the Libya Civil War. km, Libya's population is 6,890,535, and one out of every five Libyans is unemployed. List of countries (or dependencies) in Africa ranked by population, from the most populated. Since the divide of Sudan, Algeria is the largest country in Africa by area and the tenth largest country in the world. The largest country in Africa by area is Algeria with 2,381,740 sq. It is located in the North of Africa, along the coast of Mediterranean sea. Despite its surface area of 26,798 km², Rwanda has more than 11 million inhabitants, ie more than 410 inhabitants per km². The first warrant for arrest was issued in 2008 for the former military leader and the last president of Sudan, Omar al-Bashir. Algeria is the largest country in Africa and the 10th largest country in the world. Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Victoria, the country’s capital is located about 1,500 km away from mainland Africa. This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total … 90% of Algeria is desert, and only 12% of it is inhibited by people. Let’s take a look at both of these countries and learn some facts about the geography and population of both countries. Nigeria, "List of countries, territories and currencies", Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, List of countries and territories by border/area ratio, List of top international rankings by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_African_countries_by_area&oldid=991874886, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 07:11. Despite concentrating countless natural wealth, the African continent is one of the poorest in the world. Top five largest country of Africa is Algeria, Congo Democratic Republic of the, Sudan, Libya and Chad. Sudan is the largest country in Africa at 967,495 square miles Which is the largest country by area in Africa? With the total area of 2.38milliom square kilometers it covers the great area of Saharan Desert. By land size, the largest country in Africa is Algeria, with an area of around 2,380,000 square kilometers. Growth rate, median age, fertility rate, area, density, population density, urbanization, urban … The export of energy is the country’s backbone. The Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are two separate countries, occupied initially by the French and Belgians, respectively. The French-claimed Congo received independence soon after, on August 15. ALGERIA . The largest … Fifth in size on the African continent with the land area of 1,284,000 sq. Algeria is the largest African country by land area, but only 12% of it is populated. kilometers of area. km. Chad is a former French colony. Updated May 13, 2020. The history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo dates back to the Leopold II of Belgium who claimed the land as his own in 1885, which was then taken over by the Belgian Government in 1908. Top 10 Largest African Countries By Area. Its capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the country’s far north. Algeria is a member of the African Union, United Nations, and the Arab Leagues. The 10 Largest Countries in Africa By Land Area . Africa is the 3rd largest continent by area, with 30 million km 2, occupying 20.3% of the total land area of the Earth. Sudan was the largest country in Africa until 2011, after which South Sudan split from Sudan. Algeria was a French colony from 1830 to 1962, so much of the population speaks French, along with Arabic and Berber. Top 10 Smallest Countries in Africa by Land Area. Jump to navigation Jump to search ... Below is a list of all countries in Africa, in order of geographical area. Excitingly, its always changing, too: history has taught that geopolitical boundaries shift dramatically as the centuries pass. South Sudan’s independence came after years of talks and deliberations which later resulted in a referendum, allowing the country to become independent. Algeria’s defense budget is the largest in Africa. … On June 30, 1960, the Democratic Republic of the Congo proclaimed its independence. The largest city in Africa and seventh in the world, the latest estimate the population at 21 million, the city located in the Lagos state in Nigeria and one of the fastest growing cities … The area of European countries varies widely, over several orders of magnitude: See also. With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres, Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, and the biggest country in Africa. 4) Libya (1,759,540 square kilometers) North African nation Libya is the seventeenth-largest country in the world. 3) Sudan (1,861,484 square kilometers) Sudan is an Arab republic located in the Nile valley of North Africa. km, Chad has a very low population density of 20 persons per square mile. The student body is also made up of 60% women, and for the most part, women receive higher incomes than men. Here is a brief outline of the top 10 largest African countries, with information regarding the area covered. This country has a total area is 2.38 million square kilometers and is the largest country in Africa (second is the Democratic Republic of the Congo). The nation of Chad assisted the French during the Second World War, and France rule over the country was lifted in increments until its independence in 1960. Sudan lost over 75% of its oil supply as a result of this separation. Since Islam is the main religion in Algeria, alcohol is absent from the majority of the stores, and often goes unlisted on the menus even if it is available. Sudan was, with an area of 2,505,813km², formerly the largest country in Africa, until South Sudan formally split from it in 2011. They occupy huge areas and stretch across the continents. Wikipedia 10. In the late 1400s, this delta in the Congo River with the two port cities at each side was a major hub for trade, where the local inhabitants first came into contact with the Europeans who established control: the Belgians on the south-east bank and the French on the north-west. The French overthrew the dictator Rābiḥ in 1900 and established the colony under their protection, but due to France's involvement in both World Wars, their protection did not do much for progression in Chad. It is one of the largest densities in Africa and the world. Sharing very different views on power, Libya has been in a long-standing conflict with the US: from bombings to embargos on oil, to attempts at reconciliation, thwarted by the nation's leader until 2011 Muammar al-Qaddafi's criticisms of the Western nation. Almost the entire population (90%) works in agriculture and more than 80% lives below the poverty line. Covering the land area of 1,759,540 sq. In Sudan, it is prohibited to consume alcohol ever since the Sudanese president, al-Nimeiry, enforced sharia law throughout the country and poured the entire stock of it into the Nile river, in 1983. Before June 2011, Sudan was the biggest African country, however, since South Sudan declared their independence (from the Northern part of Sudan) in June 2011, that changed. Remarkably, it features the lowest unemployment rate out of the countries on this list, at 2%, speaking volumes for its nationals, who work mostly in agriculture, growing cotton in the south, and raising cattle in the central regions. The 10 largest ones are more or less known to everybody. KiAfrika 12,056 views. With the equator crossing much of the African continent, the Democratic Republic of the Congo occupies much of this part of Africa. In geographic "East Africa," the largest country by area is Sudan (1,886,000 km2). Sudan was, with an area of 2,505,813km², formerly the largest country in Africa, until South Sudan formally split from it in 2011. List of African countries by area; List of Asian countries by area; List of North American countries by area; List of Oceanian countries by area; List of South American countries by area; References. Central African Republic: 622,984: 240,535: 622,980: 240,534: 0.4 %: 44: South Sudan: 619,745: 239,285: 610,952: 235,890: 0.4 %: 45: Ukraine: 603,500: 233,013: 579,320: 223,677: 0.4 %: 46: Madagascar: 587,041: 226,658: 581,795: 224,632: 0.4 %: 47: Botswana: 582,000: 224,711: 566,730: 218,816: 0.4 %: 48: Kenya: 580,367: 224,081: 569,140: 219,746: 0.4 %: 49: France: 551,695: 213,011: 547,557: 211,413: 0.4 … Algeria is a nation in North Africa with a Mediterranean shoreline and has an expanse of the Saharan desert. The Republic of the Congo is often referred to plainly as Congo, or Brazzaville, which is its capital sitting on the north-west side of the Congo River. The Earth's surface is divided into many countries, and some of them are real giants like Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, and Australia. Tripoli is the largest city and the capital of Libya. This is a very unique case for Islamic nations or in Islam traditionally. Burundi (25,680 km) Burundi is located in Central Africa, and is one of the poorest countries in Africa with an income of just $818 per person per year (in purchasing power). Below is a list of 10 countries in Africa, in order of geographical area. 10.Ethiopia. This was a long-term after-effect of the African civil war, while the dispute over the right to the oil-rich Abyei region still persists today. The na… On July 9, 2011, South Sudan seceded after a vote supported by 98% of the southern Sudanese, which makes South Sudan the youngest country in the world, and leaves Sudan in the third place of African countries ranked by land size, at 1,861,484 sq. Following are the top ten countries with the largest land area in the world, hence top ten largest countries in the world. It is the twenty-fifth-largest country in the world by land area. But despite that, it is a bustling hub for trade in the world, being rich in oil, growing fruits and crops for export, and with emerging business centers. Africa’s total area is 30.3 million km² (11.7 million mi²) split across 54 countries. km. Algeria is right next after Sudan while the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) is the third largest country in Africa. The Sahara desert is home to some of the unique animals on Earth who have adapted to the harsh climate of the Sahara.Officially known as the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria with official languages as Arabic and Berber. Largest Country in Africa By Area and Land Size Before June 2011 Among the list of largest countries in Africa before June 2011, Sudan is right at the number one spot with an area of 2,505,813 sqkm. 9) South Africa (1,219,090 square kilometers) South Africa has 2,798 km of coastline that stretches along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans. With archaeological finds dating back more than 3 million years, it’s a place of ancient culture. As of 2020, the country counted 206 million individuals, whereas Ethiopia, which ranked second, had 115 million inhabitants. Algeria gained its independence from France in 1962. He was finally placed under arrest after a military coup in 2019 for his crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the genocide in Darfur, and his trial began in July 2020. Although Arabic and Berber are the official languages, French is also widely spoken because Algeria is a former French colony. This was not always the case, with Sudan having held the rank of largest African country until South Sudan separated in 2011, dividing the nation into two countries. The total area is the sum of all land and Inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). Women hold a lot of power in Algeria, with 60% women judges and 70% women lawyers. Comoros, Madagascar, and Mauritius are some of the island nations of Africa located in the Indian Ocean near Seychelles. 3:17. 9.South Africa. 10. It’s home to numerous beaches, coral reefs and nature reserves, as well as rare animals such as giant Aldabra tortoises. Situated on the South-east side of the Congo River and the South Western border with the Republic of Congo, Kinshasa serves as the country's main port. Top five smallest African countries and dependent territories are Mauritius, São Tomé and Príncipe, Seychelles, Saint Helena and Mayotte. Algeria is the biggest country in Africa and tenth-largest in the world, covering the land area of 2,381,741 sq. This is a list of countries by total area. Algeria is the largest country in Africa and also the northernmost. The population of South Africa is around 53 million people. By Alisa Mala on August 21 2020 in World Facts. The capital city of Algeria is Algiers. The statistic shows the 30 largest countries in the world by area. Among its important sites is Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches from the 12th–13th centuries. Last edited on 25 November 2020, at 17:55. Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley. Although pyramids are often associated with Egypt, Sudan, with over 200 of the ancient structures, is the land with the most pyramids in the world. The 10th-largest nation on the planet is also the biggest country in Africa. Each one of Africa’s largest countries is unique in its own way, with some being predominantly religious, some, at war, and others just existing peacefully, with hard-working nations everywhere, attempting to make a good standard of living for their children. Sudan was, with an area of 2,505,813km², formerly the largest country in Africa, until South Sudan formally split from it in 2011 . In fact, Africa is the second largest continent in the world preceded by Asia. In the next decades, whos to say which countries will become the worlds largest? The Seychelles is an archipelago of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean and a major tourist destination. There are many stereotypes associated with Africa, including it being nothing but jungle and tribes, or warring nations with genocide, or where the children are always hungry. Approximately 90% of Algeria is desert. List of African countries by area. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Largest Empires In Human History By Land Area, The Smallest Countries In The World By Total Land Area. Approximately 90 percent of Algeria is desert. Algeria exports large quantities of natural gas to Europe due to its massive reservoirs of gas and oil. Algeria is the largest nation in Africa by area. Data is taken from the United Nations Statistics Division. After a vote supported by 98% of the southern Sudanese to secede, Sudan descended in rank as the largest country in Africa to the third place. Djibouti; Djibouti, with its 23,200 square kilometers of land, is in eighth place. It has an area of 2,381,741 km² though eighty per cent of this area is covered by the Sahara desert. Premarital sex and drinking in Sudan are punishable by whipping, theft by amputation, and homosexuality by death, but more commonly the accused are whipped. km, and boasts a tropical climate at and near the 0° latitude. Top 10 Largest Countries in Africa by Area - Duration: 3:17. Before the partition of Sudan into South Sudan and Sudan, Sudan was at the top among the list of biggest countries of Africa by area. Below is a list of all countries in Africa, in order of geographical area. With over the 48 billion barrels of oil reserves on its territory, Libya’s civil war around oil wealth also contributed to the present-day civil war, involving ISIS and other military groups scattered around the country. This is still an improvement over its 30% unemployment rate in 2004 in this nation that was once an Italian colony. In reality, Africa is a group of countries that have dealt with years or even centuries of colonial rule, the effects of which some countries do still struggle to overcome. Not to be confused with the Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo is often referred to by the acronym DRC, or by its capital and administrative center name, Kinshasa. Africa is one of the biggest continents on earth by area.